中西文化差异与英语教学

 

    生:刘妍慧,外语系商务英语专业60701班

指导老师:魏春霞,长江大学工程技术学院英语系

 

[中文摘要] 如今,我国的外语教学中存在着严重的应试倾向,教课中大多只重视了语言知识本身的传授,而忽略了语言文化背景知识的重要性。语言和文化之间存在着密切的联系:语言映射文化,文化影响语言。本文通过对中西文化下的不同在英语教学中的不同表现进行比较,旨在分析他们的文化差异,强调在英语教学中必须重视文化背景知识的导入,提高学生对中西文化差异的了解,更好的培养学生的跨文化交际意识和能力。

 [关键词]文化差异;跨文化交际;英语教学

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cultural Differences and English Language Teaching

 

  Student: Liu Yanhui, Class60701, English Department

 

Supervisor: Wei Chunxia, English Department,

     College of Technology and Engineering, Yangtze University

 

Abstract Nowadays, there exist major issues to be solved in our Foreigner Language education, like exam-oriented teaching tendency. Most of them always only attach great importance to the language, but lose sight of the importance of the culture background of the language. There has close interrelationship between language and culture: language reflects culture and culture influences language. This paper discuss the relationship between culture and language, analyses the cultural differences between English and Chinese, in order to promote students’ cross-cultural communication and emphasize that we must attach great importance to the introduction of the Cultural Background Knowledge in English teaching.

Key Words: Cultural DifferenceCross-cultural communicationEnglish Teaching

 

 

 

 

 

 

               

Chapter Introduction

With the rapid development of economy, teaching English to speakers of other languages, whether in a second or foreign language context, has become one of the major growth industries in the world. English has penetrated into every field of society and it has gradually become a useful international communication tool in the world. There exists close interrelationship between language and its culture: language reflects culture and culture influence language. As economic globalization strengthens day by day and the successful admittance to WTO of China, if we want to grab more opportunities and make full use of them to develop our country, we must learn their language, but first of all, we must know them very well, in other world, we must know their cultures. Nowadays, there is a major issue to be solved in our Foreigner Language education, like exam-oriented teaching tendency. Most of people only focus on the English grammar part, but ignore the importance of the culture background. Hence, studying our own culture and being aware of how it differs from other culture in many aspects is enlightening in making good communications. This paper, by some examples, makes analysis of the primary cultural difference between China and western countries, in order to suggest some constructive suggestions in English teaching, make students communicate effectively  and emphasize that we must attach great importance to the introduction of the Cultural Background Knowledge by analyzing their cultural differences in our English teaching.